CBD vs. THC – Main Differences, More Details
Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are both main compounds of the cannabis plant. Maybe they don’t have much difference in elemental organization, but from the simplest point, THC has a psychoactive effect, but the CBD does not. Not just for this reason, through this article, we will talk more deeply today as detailed as can we distinguish the differences between the two compounds of cannabis plant and why do we prefer CBD instead of THC?
- Where are they from?
Originally, cannabis was planted for medical purposes, its flowers also called buds and leaves were processed, and the end result is that cannabis became the “pejorative term” in people’s eyes. Speaking of cannabis, there is also a plant called hemp that has to be mentioned. They are all attributed to the cannabis class and they all have an impact on the nervous system. But they still have differences in growth methods.
①Hemp and cannabis
Hemp can produce fibers that are used to make clothing, rope, paper and so on. Medical cannabis has the same method of planting, it will grow larger flower buds, and it can produce more psychoactive compounds in its ingredients.
Cannabis is a highly versatile plant, which is manifested in its ability to alleviate many injuries and has a higher coefficient.The reason why marijuana benefits so many health problems comes down to the fact that some active pharmaceutical compounds of plants mimic the body’s internal harm reduction system and maintain our healthy balance – this is the Endocannabinoid System – ECS.
③Endocannabinoid System – ECS
ESC is controlled by endocannabinoids in our body, and endocannabinoids play a key role in our internal balance, including sleep, the immune system, appetite, pain and much more. Once the body feels pressure and there is an imbalance, endocannabinoids will automatically act and fix it. The compounds in the cannabis plant are highly mimicked by the role of endocannabinoids in the body and can be self-storing after the endocannabinoids have lost their effect, and can stay alone inside, maintains body balance.
④Terpenoids and Flavonoids
The cannabis plant is the most versatile plant with more than 400 compounds in the world, and the most unique and active of which is cannabidiol. In addition, there are two other ingredients called terpenoids and flavonoids, which are also worth mentioning, because when they work together, they will give excellent therapeutic benefits for our body, such as: dilating blood vessels, protecting damaged brain cells, stimulating bone growth, killing certain kinds of cancer cells, controlling muscle spasticity, preventing seizure, killing viruses and bacteria. And there are just a few of their benefits for the body. The combination of these three ingredients is only one of many ingredients. Although the effects of other ingredients are not so obvious, they still have a certain therapeutic effect.
Cannabis has been shown to reduce the pain and nausea caused by illness, as well as chemo-induced neuropathy. It is also very effective in controlling muscle spasms and seizures, curing damaged brain cells and preventing the devastating effects of Alzheimer’s disease. It is also a very effective antioxidant.
There are more than 100 cannabis in the cannabis plant, the most worth talking about, and what we are talking about today is THC and BCD.
- What are they?
①THC and BCD
When it comes to Marijuana, people’s first impression will be its psychoactive effects. We can’t deny this view, and in most cases, it will indeed be used for its mind-altering effects. The cannabis contains a lot of chemical ingredients, and each ingredient will have different effects. Some ingredients have this effect, but others do not. We hope that through this article, you can change the view of medical marijuana.
Both CBD and THC are found in cannabis flowers that are covered with the crystalline resinous trichomes, and they are the most widely found cannadidiols in marijuana. They have the same chemical formula, but the atoms are arranged differently. They have different effects in our body, because they interact with our endocannabinoid system differently.
The use of CBD is safer and helps to suppress unhealthy mental activity. But to a certain extent, because THC has a negative impact on the body, it is often undesirable.
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②CBD: A short introduction for CBD
CBD, also known as cannabidiol, was first discovered by cannabis scientists and is the most and most valuable compound in cannabis plants. Just through two important things about CBD, you can make a deep impression on it.
First, CBD is not addictive, in other words, CBD won’t make you feel high. It is because of this that the CBD derived from hemp is allowed to be used in some countries, but which from marijuana is banned.
Second, CBD has important medical and therapeutic benefits of cannabis. That’s why you hear a lot of people talking about the medical benefits of the CBD.
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③THC: A short introduction for THC
People who consume cannabis should not be unfamiliar with THC, also called Tetrahydrocannabinol. After taking cannabis with THC, it will give people a feeling of euphoria and excitement. Usually, we call it “high”.
THC is not the only cannabidiol that can bring this effect, but its enough quantities is occupied in the cannabis plant. This amount is enough to make people become very high. Just for this reason, THC is prohibited for recreational consumer use.
- How THC works?
When THC affects the brain, THC stimulates cells to release the dopamine which is a substance can make people happy and it also activates the cannabinoid receptors which affect brain in many ways. The initial state of consuming THC is generally an extreme relaxation, the whole body feels soft, and the pupils dilated, and the other feelings of the body are strengthened. There are also some of the symptoms reported: a feeling of both happiness and elation, anxiety and pain are forgotten.
What has been described above is the state that occurs after taking THC for 10-30 minutes. THC will change the way of thinking, messing up the timeline of events in memory, and causing hallucinations and delusions.
- How CBD works?
At present, there are many studies on the CBD, and some studies explain how the CBD works in the body, but this is not enough. The only thing scientists can be sure of is that the CBD, like THC, has an effect on our body through interacting with the endocannabinoid system, which contains two cannabinoid receptors: CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors: In brain, CB1 receptors play a very important role in many functions, such as: memory, mood, sleep, pain sensation, and appetite, and it can be found in many areas in brain.
CB2 receptor: They are usually found in the immune system and They are responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of cannabis.
CB1 and CB2 receptors are activated by endocannabinoids. The endocannabinoids found in our body are anandamide and arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG).
THC mimics the body’s endocannabinoids to stimulate CB1 and CB2 receptors. Unlike THC, the CBD does not seem to act directly on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, it only increases the level of endocannabinoids in the human body. Because the CBD activates the release of endocannabinoids and interferes with the natural decomposition of endocannabinoids.
- Why CBD used more on medical treatments?
Because THC has strong and long-term side effects, these side effects include impaired memory, decreased tissue capacity, and irregular heart rate. The series of negative effects make THC illegal in most countries around the world. In addition, the most important point is that long-term use of THC can cause abnormalities in the brain and heart. However, CBD does not have the side effects of THC described above, and even CBD can interfere with the mental effects of THC, whether in plants or in extracts.
With the increasing frequency of medical cannabis use, more growers are now choosing to develop an industrial chain with a higher CBD ratio to minimize the psychoactive side effects.
And if you are still confused about THC and CBD, let’s talk about the reasons why we choose CBD in detail.
- Why do we choose CBD?
①CBD is the earlier one
Not that many people think that THC was discovered earlier than CBD, or that they were discovered at the same time. From a historical perspective, the CBD was discovered first. Around 20 years ago, CBD was discovered by American scientist Roger Adams, a chemist at the University of Illinois. And THC was actually discovered later by Israeli scientist and college professor Raphael Mechoulam back in the sixties.
Uruguay became the first country in the world to legalize recreational use in 2014, and Canada passed similar laws in 2018. Marijuana is illegal in the United States, but it is allowed to be used for recreational use in 10 states, including D.C., and it is allowed for medical treatment in 20 states.
Any CBD product derived from Marijuana plant is classified as an over-the-counter drug. However, in 46 states, if you want to use the CBD for medical treatment, the hemp plant must be allowed only if the THC content is 0.3%.
This is one of the most powerful reasons for choosing a CBD. When you are consuming hemp or marijuana products, do you often feel incentive? That’s because THC contains psychoactive compounds, which makes you like that. But what about the CBD? It won’t make you become psychoactive. But that doesn’t mean you don’t feel anything after taking the CBD, but this feeling doesn’t make your mood change too much. You only feel that your body gets very light and the whole body will feel very relaxed. And this is why CBD strains are more popular in medical use.
④Doesn’t cause anxiety
It seems that the use of THC cannabis strains will bring anxiety from a long period of time, but the CBD will not. High doses of CBD and low doses of THC are often mixed and used to treat anxiety and it will give good results. The next time when you feel anxious, you can try the CBD strains instead of the THC strains you used often. The effect is good or not, only know when you try.
Sometimes when you are smoking cannabis products with THC, you may feel that the whole body is floating, and the idea will become extremely uncontrolled. Maybe you will become unable to concentrate, your brain will slow down, or you will feel dizzy. Combined with the above reactions, you are mostly too high. The CBD will not make you like this. What’s even better is that the CBD will interfere with the negative effects of THC in your brain. And CBD is a good choice for people who are new to cannabinoid.
⑥Energizes you more
In addition, there is another reason to say. You may feel a little tired after consuming THC products. That is because THC comes with psychoactive effects, which is why THC is usually used as a sleep aid. This is great when you want to fall asleep as soon as possible, but if you want to find something to make your day full of energy, then you’d better choose CBD. After using it, you will find yourself energetic, but not overshoot. Also tell you a little secret: CBD is very effective for hangover people.
Finally you need to know:
I hope that everyone can understand that this is not an article that leads the CBD and THC into a battle. When we look at the benefits that the CBD brings to everyone, we can’t completely negate THC, because in some ways, THC is also beneficial. As we mentioned above, THC is more helpful for sleep than CBD. They are like apples and pears, they are all fruits, and each with its own nutrients. Choosing the right one for you is the best.
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